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英国essay范文:Britain's social security system(代写范文精选)

时间:2018-12-03 17:42来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
导读:这是一篇英国essay范文,讨论了英国的社会保障制度。战后和平提高了国民物质文明水平,英国政府开始主动积极的制定社会保障计划,让每个国民在任何情况下都可以体面的生活。社会保障计划逐步改善了国民的住宅、生活和城市环境,帮助失业者和贫困者摆脱不幸等等。社会保障制度作为一种长期战略,促进英国经济制度的广泛发展和不断完善,保障英国全体公民的基本生活需要,是英国重建计划的一个重要组成部分,这对英国建立福利国家有着重大的影响。
 
Capitalism has laid a material foundation for the charity of Christianity, and the charity thought in Christianity has also laid a spiritual and theoretical foundation for the development of the social security system of capitalism. Religious culture has a wide influence in Europe and it always advocates charity. Christianity declared that "all men are the children of god, and all men are brothers in the four seas. In early Europe, the propaganda of "benevolence" and "charity and relief" in religious ethics had a profound impact on later generations and played an important role in the establishment of social security system in Britain. At the same time, the principle of public and egalitarian distribution of property implemented by the early Christian societies provided the basis for the establishment of welfare distribution methods in Britain.
资本主义为基督教的慈善事业奠定了物质基础,基督教的慈善思想也为资本主义社会保障制度的发展奠定了精神和理论基础。宗教文化在欧洲具有广泛的影响力,它始终倡导慈善事业。 基督教宣称“所有人都是上帝的孩子,所有人都是四海中的兄弟。在欧洲早期,宗教伦理中的”仁慈“和”慈善与救济“的宣传对后世产生了深远的影响,并起到了作用。基督教在英国建立社会保障制度中发挥着重要作用,同时,早期基督教社会实行公共和平等的财产分配原则,为英国建立福利分配方法奠定了基础。
Religion has a huge organization system, in this sense, it will be poor into the unified organization form, but the church itself consumes most of the absorption to wealth, for the number of poor is limited, but "sometimes seems to be a pain pills" of social discontent, it can reduce the effectiveness of the role and there is no cure. Church - based charity for the poor has been gradually adopted by the government into a comprehensive social security system. After expanding and adjusting the content and form of the social security system, the government has also extensively involved itself in important social issues such as poverty, disease and unemployment. This has played an important role in the universality principle embodied in the British social security system.
 
Freedom is limited, but freedom should be aimed at the freedom of the majority of people, rather than the unlimited freedom of individuals as the old liberalism believed. The neoliberal doctrine has changed the traditional liberalism's opposition to state intervention, believing that freedom is not absolute and that "the state must intervene for the sake of freedom itself". It can be seen that neoliberals emphasize a new relationship between society and individuals, which is an interchangeable responsibility and obligation between society and individuals. It says countries on social economy and life positive intervention measures should be taken to prevent the liberalism and the economic system of the gap between rich and poor is bigger, but this kind of intervention is not an absolute and unlimited, is closely linked to the welfare of the individual and social welfare, the state intervention is not the ultimate goal, should put the individual freedom, individualism and collectivism coordination. "The state can take away part of an individual's property through taxation, because the state is necessary to maintain personal security, and the individual must pay a certain price for this." Neoliberals also argue that social problems are more the result of socioeconomic change.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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