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代写英国essay:The trajectory of the British Labour party

时间:2018-11-06 16:57来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
导读: 这是一篇英国essay范文,讨论了英国工党的执政轨迹。英国工党作为社会民主党的典型代表,在上个世纪两度登上英国执政党舞台,贯彻自身执政理念,组织国家建设,在一定时期内取得了十分卓越的成就,在英国国家建设和国际政治舞台上产生了巨大的影响。但在布朗下台后,英国工党再度成为在野党,面临着新形势下的挑战与政党自身新的调整,亟待理论变革和政策调整。
 
Since the 20th century, the labor party has been in and out of office for several times, and it has been playing a role in the British political arena in twists and turns. In the early 20th century, Britain adopted the free market economy, namely the policy line of classical liberalism, which was the orthodox ideological trend at that time. To 50 s after world war ii, Britain's Labour party in power, as the "old left" belief in democratic socialism party, were more affected by the economic crisis is a popular form of "Keynesian" and 30 s to get the influence of "success" of the Soviet model, began to introduce the nationalization of the enterprise, to the construction of the welfare state, in the role of the government and the market choice to choose more government regulation, to later, formed a huge budget deficit and high inflation, the government burden: By the end of the 1970s, Mrs. Thatcher, as a representative of the conservative party, began to carry out drastic reforms, privatizing enterprises, relaxing government regulations and developing free market. This was called "neo-conservatism".
自20世纪以来,工党多次上台执政,并一直在英国政治舞台上起到一波三折的作用。20世纪初,英国采用自由市场经济,即古典自由主义的政策路线,这是当时正统的意识形态趋势。第二次世界大战后的50年代,英国的工党执政党,作为民主社会主义党的“老左派”信仰,更受经济危机的影响,是“凯恩斯主义”的流行形式,30年代受到影响“成功“的苏联模式,开始引入企业国有化,建设福利国家,在政府和市场的选择,选择更多的政府监管,到后来,形成了巨大的预算赤字和高通货膨胀,政府负担:到20世纪70年代末,撒切尔夫人作为保守党的代表,开始进行大刀阔斧的改革,企业私有化,放宽政府规定,发展自由市场。这被称为“新保守主义”。
By 1994, t. after Blair Labour leader, reform, modify the article iv of the party constitution, abandoned in 76, symbolizes the Labour terms of the principle of public ownership, with the traditional route, shows that Labour will break, with a fresh face appeared in the British political stage, 1997 t. Blair campaign is successful, start after intervention of keynesianism and pay attention to the "new liberalism" of market regulation after two stages of development, seek new economic and social balance, get rid of a party held by a small number of people allowed the marxist tradition, make party reconstruction basic values, And tried to reconstruct the ideology between social democracy and neo-liberalism, namely "the third way". His successor, brown, continued the "third way" theory, outlining a "redistributive market liberalism" economic model that affirms the value of markets and the efficiency of private enterprise, but stresses that the government should play a bigger role in reviewing the distribution and redistribution of income.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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