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英国论文代写:英国的健康促进 Health Promotion in the UK

时间:2018-04-04 10:19来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
健康促进是一个庞大而复杂的课题,涉及健康定义、促进健康、教育、社会政策和实用的政治方法,以及与预防性生活方式管理有关的特殊概念。因此,需要仔细检查和考虑在当前英国社会政治文化方面和在促进健康的演化成它的当前状态。
促进健康的人包括各种各样的人、职业和运动员,包括政治家、医生、护士、社会护理专业人员、教师和教育工作者、法律界人士,当然还有一般公众。它以一种或另一种形式接触着我们每个人,从烟盒上的广告到超市食品上显示的营养信息。因此,它是社会上每个人都关心的,因为它认为健康,但它的定义,在某种程度上是可控的,因为操纵生活方式和环境因素可以支持人们实现最佳的健康和福祉。然而,其复杂性很大程度上是由于其历史演变,部分是由于社会和政治相互作用决定了社会的健康范围,这可能意味着简单的健康概念、健康促进和相关概念难以界定和实现。
 
Introduction 简介
 
Health promotion is a vast and complex subject, encompassing aspects of definitions of health, practical and political approaches to promoting health, education, social policy and particular notions related to preventative approaches to lifestyle management. As such, it requires careful examination and consideration in terms of the current UK socio-political culture and in terms of the evolution of health promotion into its current state (Scriven and Orme, 2001).
 
Health promotion involves a great variety of people, professions and players, including politicians, doctors, nurses, social care professionals, teachers and educators, the legal profession, and of course, the general public. It touches everyone in our society in one form or another, from the advertising on cigarette packets to the nutritional information displayed on supermarket foods. Therefore, it is of concern to everyone in society, because it considers health, however it is defined, as being to a certain degree manageable, in that the manipulation of lifestyle and environmental factors can support people in achieving optimum health and wellbeing. However, its very complexity, partly due to its historical evolution, partly due to the complex social and political interactions which define the sphere of health in society, can mean that simplistic notions of health, health promotion and associated concepts are difficult to define and to achieve.
 
This essay will address some of the complexities of the issues of health promotion. It will attempt to define what health promotion is, what ideas, ideals and concepts it includes, and how health promotion is realised in a practical sense. It will also address the need for exploration of the outcomes and interactions of health promotion activities, and their social and institutional context. It will, of necessity, discuss aspects of the healthcare systems within the United Kingdom which pertain to the subject, and of the socio-political systems and histories which underpin the current climate. It will then examine vital aspects of health promotion, such as health education and communication, participative approaches to health promotion, and evaluation of health promotion initiatives. The author will also attempt to debate ethical, political and professional dilemmas that arise in new practices and policies for promoting health and explore the development of ways of promoting health that tackle social and economic inequalities and that are holistic and culturally sensitive.(责任编辑:cinq)


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