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英国论文格式:影响泰勒的科学管理理论

时间:2018-01-24 15:01来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
现代世界的特点是专业化管理,其特点是有效的规划方法,以达到某些目标,分工促进了工作场所的专业化和创新,以及雇员和他们的管理人员在工作场所之间的正式互动。这些形式的表现可以归因于二十世纪泰勒提出科学管理概念的著作。泰勒被认为是科学管理原则的创始人。他是一位机械工程师,他的作品曾在行业当时并没有正式的管理提供效率和进行各种异常。工人们就工厂的任务将如何完成提出了自己的决定。然而,泰勒通过科学管理的发展改变了这一点。他努力提高工人在其工作领域的生产率。
 
Introduction 简介
The modern world has been marked by specialized management that is characterized by effective planning methods in order to attain certain objectives, division of labor which has served to increase specializations and innovations in work places, and a formalized interaction between the employees and their managers in their work places. These formal manifestations can be attributed to the twentieth century from the works of Taylor who came up with the concepts of scientific management. Taylor has been accorded the legacy as the founder of scientific management principles. He was a mechanical engineer and his works served to provide efficiency in the management of industries which at the time had no formal management and were characterized by various anomalies (Taylor, 1911, p.64). The workers came up with their own decisions on how the tasks were going to be accomplished in the factories. This was however changed by Taylor through development of scientific management. He sought to improve the worker's productivity in their areas of work.
 
At various times he was criticized for destroying the worker's morale and turning them into machines. This went to an extent of workers downing their tools at Watertown Arsenal which led to the House of Representatives Committee conducting an investigation into his works so as to establish the truth. It was concluded that his concepts of scientific management were a good tool for the management of organizations but at the same time offered the managers with increased power which had no checks and balances. This led to the ban of his concepts of scientific management by the Senate at that time. This was after a survey showing that his methods received a high level of hatred from the working population. The survey showed that scientific management did not put into consideration the workers' social needs in their areas of work and it failed to appreciate the differences that existed between the working populations in any industry. In addition, the scientific management concepts viewed the workers as ignorant and therefore did not take into consideration their contributions in terms of work related suggestions and ideas (Taylor, 1911, p.65). However, after various improvements into these concepts it has come to be productive in the present day running of organizations. This essay discusses the Taylor's scientific management and how it has influenced the modern day business practices.(责任编辑:cinq)


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