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英国论文范文:冲突解决理论与策略

时间:2017-07-05 13:23来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
根据牛津词典,冲突这个词被定义为:
1.严重的分歧或争论。
2.长期武装斗争。
3.意见、原则等不相容
 
冲突可以说是双方之间的分歧,它是由于当事人之间缺乏共识引起的。冲突可能产生于各种事实,这可能妨碍任何活动的发展,通常是由于:规则和条例的僵化
,双方互不相让
,冲突各方之间缺乏合作和谅解
,由于行为不同
 
冲突是一种正常的情况,因为人的本性是如此多样和动态,对同一事物有相同看法的人可能会在另一件事情上发生冲突,而冲突的参与者往往根据他们对情况的看法作出反应。人们通常根据自己的价值观、文化、信仰、信息、经验、性别和其他变量来确定自己的看法。冲突反应中充满了对我们可能的解决方案的强烈和有力的指导。矛盾,在很大程度上是可预测和可预期的情况下,自然会出现我们去管理,我们有明显的复杂的项目投资。因此,如果我们能够制定程序,找出可能出现的冲突,以及我们能够有建设性地管理这些冲突的系统,我们也许能够找到新的机会,将我们的冲突转化为富有成效的结果。
 
According to oxford dictionary the word conflict is defined as
 
1 A serious disagreement or argument.
 
2 A prolonged armed struggle.
 
3 An incompatibility between opinions, principles, etc
 
conflict can be described as a disagreement between the parties, it arises due to lack of consensus between the parties. Conflict can arise due to various facts which can hinder the development in any sort of activity, generally it is caused due to:
 
* Rigidity of rules and regulations
 
* Inflexibility of the parties
 
* Lack of cooperation and understanding between the conflicting parties
 
* Due to the varied behaviour
 
A conflict is a normal situation to happen as it is the human nature which is so varied and dynamic that persons with same perception about one thing may end up in a conflict over the other and Participants in conflicts tend to respond on the basis of their perceptions of the situation. People generally base their perceptions over their values, culture, beliefs, information, experience, gender, and other variables. Conflict responses are both filled with ideas and feelings that can be very strong and powerful guides to our sense of possible solutions. Conflicts, to a large extent, are predictable and expectable situations that naturally arise as we go on managing the complex projects in which we have significantly invested. As such, if we are able to develop procedures for identifying conflicts which are likely to arise, as well as systems through which we can constructively manage those conflicts, we may be able to find out new opportunities that can transform our conflict into a productive result.(责任编辑:BUG)


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