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企业创业与人力资源管理 Corporate Entrepreneurship and Human Resource Management

时间:2018-04-28 13:49来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
当今的经济正经历着快速的起伏:竞争力的不断提升和技术的快速变化给那些想要保持其市场地位的公司带来压力。这不会放慢速度,因此需要成功的工具。与此同时,Morris和库拉特科认为“企业家是天生的,而不是制造出来的”。这就是为什么想要、相信、希望、规划必须遵循的原因。正如Confucius所说:“当目标明显无法达成时,不要调整目标,调整行动步骤”。现在是行动的时候了,一种适合当今不同行业的形式——企业创业(CE)。
夏尔马和克里斯曼说,企业创业是“个人或一组个人与现有组织相结合,创造新组织或促使组织内的更新或创新的过程”。目前对CE的定义很多,但它们并没有改变CE在当今经济中是一种分化和竞争优势的工具。
 
Introduction 简介
Today's economy is experiencing its ups and downs very quickly: rising competitiveness and fast changing technologies create pressure to the companies that want to stay at the top of their markets. This is not going to slow down, so the need for tools of success is arising. At the same time we are moving away from the Morris and Kuratko (2002) belief that "entrepreneurs are born, not made". That is why the wanting, believing, hoping, planning must be followed by doing. As already Confucius said: "When it is obvious that the goals cannot be reached, don't adjust the goals, adjust the action steps". It is time for action and one form of it that suits different businesses nowadays - is corporate entrepreneurship (CE).
 
Stated by Sharma and Chrisman (1999), corporate entrepreneurship is "the process whereby an individual or group of individuals, in association with an existing organization, create a new organization or instigate renewal or innovation within that organization". There are lots of definitions for CE nowadays, but all of them do not change the fact that CE is a tool for differentiation and competitive advantage in today's economy.
 
Corporate Entrepreneurship (CE) and Human Resource Management (HRM)
A lot of researches, studies were conducted in order to discover the inevitable truth that CE positively affects the performance of a company: it creates competitive advantages, helps to differentiate, adapt to new or quickly changing markets, and deal with external and internal challenges. As CE is seen as a multifaceted tool, the intensity of CE in an organization can be described by five different dimensions identified in a meta-analysis by Saly (2001): innovativeness, risk propensity, proactiveness, corporate venturing and self-renewal. When creating an organizational structure, as well as inside culture, these dimensions should be a scale measuring the future success of a company. Dealing with the globalization and fast moving changes, a company must take risks, be proactive and strive for innovation. Nurturing these traits, adapting to the environment (self-renewal) and fostering creation of something valuable that generates returns - are CE key success factors in the economy of today.(责任编辑:cinq)


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