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英国留学生作业:英国家庭暴力概述 Overview of Domestic Violence in the UK

时间:2018-05-11 08:45来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
家庭暴力在英国非常普遍,在国际上也是普遍存在的。
在英国,家庭暴力占所有犯罪的四分之一,尽管这些数字被记录下来,只有5%的家庭暴力案件被定罪,不到20%的强奸和性侵犯被报告给警方,强奸案的定罪发生率不到6%。威尔斯指出,作为比较,监狱里的妇女数量和看似监禁的琐碎原因。
现在监狱里有4500多名妇女,在过去十年里增长了194%。大多数妇女被判非暴力犯罪,如行窃。上议院的12名法官中有一名妇女,43名警察首席警官中有5名女性,42名首席执行官中有18名女性,42名首席检察官中有7名女性,138名监狱长中有31名女性。有证据表明,在系统中工作的妇女遭受性骚扰和歧视。
 
Domestic violence is very real and common in the UK, and indeed internationally
In the UK domestic violence accounts for a quarter of all crime, despite these figures it is recorded that only 5 per cent of recorded cases of domestic violence end in conviction, less than 20 per cent of rapes and sexual assaults are reported to the police, and less than 6 per cent of rapes result in conviction. Wells points out as a comparison, the number of women that are in prison, and the seemingly trivial reasons for there incarceration.
 
There are now over 4,500 women in prison, an increase of 194 per cent in the last ten years. Most women are convicted of non-violent offences, such as shoplifting. One woman out of 12 judges in the House of Lords, 5 women out of 43 police Chief Constables, 18 women out of 42 Chief Officers of Probation, 7 women out of 42 Chief Crown Prosecutors, 31 women out of 138 Prison Governors. There was evidence of sexual harassment and discrimination experienced by women working in the system.
 
Domestic violence is not discriminatory and occurs between people of all social classes, amongst all racial and religious groupings and in all age groups. Crime and other statistics can only provide us with a taster of the real picture. The nature and extent of the suffering which is endured by families behind closed doors is very much something that is kept private. Victims of domestic assaults often do not complain of violence, either through fear of being further assaulted, or because they are too embarrassed and ashamed to reveal their plight to professionals who might be able to assist them. Although the traditional perspective is that victims of domestic violence are predominately women, this is not always the case, men, children and the elderly are vulnerable to domestic violence too. This said there is an abundance of evidence to show that it is women and children who are the main victims. Children who themselves suffer violence at the hands of a parent are in the main protected by the state though child protection procedures. The remedies provided by the civil law are therefore generally used to obtain protection for an adult victim.(责任编辑:cinq)


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