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有关国际货币基金组织留学作业

时间:2015-08-31 17:13来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
国际货币基金组织
 
国际货币基金组织在世界贸易平和发展中起着重要的功能。国际货币基金组织,或者也可以叫做IMF,对所有经济进步阶段的国家都给与支持和起监督作用。国际贸易对不论是大国还是小国来说都是至关重要的元素,可以加强他们的经济地位。大国需要国际市场来出口他们的商品和服务行业,小国同样也需要通过这个世界市场来进口商品从而可以更加有效率地进行生产制作。为了实现这些目标,有一个主要的组成部分,评估其他国家货币的能力。多年以来,在这上面用了许多不同的方法,但大多数都以失败而告终。还没有完美的方式来准确测量另一个国家货币的真正价值。国际货币基金组织是一个了解任何其他国家经济状况的有利方式,提供建议和基本的经济保障,是世界经济繁荣的基本。许多的国内经济目标信息都摆在国际层面上。
 
International Monetary Fund
 
The International Monetary Fund is an important function that makes world trade less strenuous. The International Monetary Fund, or IMF as it is called, provides support and supervision to nations in all stages of economic progress. International trade is a key element to enable nations, large and small, to strengthen their economic positions. Larger nations need the international market to export their goods and services, and smaller nations also need this world scale market to import products so they are able to produce more efficiently. In order to achieve these goals, one major component must be in place. The ability to value other nation's currency. Throughout the years, many different ways have been used to do this, mostly ending in failure. There is no perfect way to accurately measure the true value of another country's currency. The International Monetary Fund is an effort to see each country's economic position, offer suggestions, and provide the fundamental economic security that is essential to a thriving (world) economy. Many of the domestic economic goals are reiterated by the INF on an international level. 
 
To understand the current INF we will investigate the events leading up to its existence. Between 1879 and 1934 major nations used a method of international exchange known as the Gold Standard. The Gold Standard was simply a fixed-rate system. The rate was fixed to gold. In order for this system to function properly three things had to happen. First, each nation had to define its currency to gold (this definition then could not change). Second, each nation must than maintain a fixed relationship to its supply of money and its amount of actual gold. Third, the on-hand gold must be allowed to be exchanged freely between any nations throughout the world. With all of those policies successfully in place, the exchange rates of the participating countries would then be fixed to gold, therefore to each other. To successfully maintain this relationship some adjustments had to be made from time to time. For example, two countries A and B are doing international business together and A buys more of B's products than B buys of A's. Now B doesn't have enough of A's currency to pay for the excess products purchased. B now has what's called a balance of payment deficit. In order to correct for this deficit the following must occur; Actual gold must now be transferred to A from B. This transfer does two things. First, it reduces B's money supply (a fixed ratio must be maintain between the actual amount of gold, and the supply of money) hence lowering B's spending, aggregate income, and aggregate employment, ultimately reducing the demand for A's products. Second, A's money supply is now increased, raising A's spending, aggregate income, and aggregate employment, ultimately raising the demand for B's products. These two events happen simultaneously stabilizing the exchange rate back to its equilibrium. (责任编辑:BUG)


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