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澳洲代写作业格式范文

时间:2014-10-25 15:55来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
在1974年,1980年和1990年,这三次过去的石油危机引发的全球通胀中,全球通胀率以平均11.4%、13.58%和5.39%的速度大幅增加。大多数国家都受到严重影响,这导致全球通胀。高通货膨胀率和通货膨胀将经济增长转化为产品和服务的价格的增加与收缩。通货膨胀是指物价上涨,一个国家的购买力能力下降。通货膨胀常称为居民消费价格指数(CPI),它关乎基本消费品和服务价格波动。这是说,一个国家在健康的经济增长过程中如果年度百分比很低(小于5%),通胀可能由于需求拉动的通货膨胀(政府和私人支出增加)或成本推动论引起工资或石油价格增加。石油价格被认为是影响马来西亚的通货膨胀的最重要的因素。

Global inflation rate
 
In the past three oil crises, which were in year 1974, 1980 and 1990, the global inflation rate has increased tremendously with an average rate of 11.4%, 13.58% and 5.39%. Most of the countries are badly affected and this resulted in global inflation. High inflation rate or hyperinflation turns economic growth into contraction with the increase price of goods and services. Inflation refers to a rise in price that causespurchasing powerof a nation to fall. The most common gauge of inflation is known as the consumer price index (CPI) which measures the price fluctuation of basic consumer goods and services. It is said that a country is in healthy economic growth if its annual percentage remains low (less than 5%). Inflation may due to demand pull inflation (increase in government and private spending) or cost-push theory (increase in wage or oil price). Oil price is said to be the most significant factor which influences Malaysia's inflation the most.
 
Analysis on crude oil price movements
 
Figure 1 reflects the oil price movements from year 1996 to 2009. It is observed that more than a decade ago, crude oil prices were between $20 to $40/barrel with its ups and downs throughout the late 90s. The price went up slightly before dropping again after the 1997 Asian financial crisis. In the beginning of the 21st century however, the prices started to climb to almost double that to the average value of $40. Volatility is high as by 2002 the value dropped back to about $20 right after the September 11 Attacks before surging up again almost immediately. It can be said that from 2003 onwards, the price of crude oil throughout the world began to steadily ascend higher and higher over the few years till late 2006. This is mainly due to concerns on exhausting oil-wells throughout the world, the post US-Iraq war situation, OPEC's stand on providing the world with limited supply with its reason to preserve resources, increasing growth and dependency on consumption of crude oil in the world and more. All of these add into the weight and urgency that spiked conspiracy and panic into the industry, added that market players took advantage of the situation to further propel prices into the sky.(责任编辑:BUG)


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