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留学生论文进阶技巧:隐喻技巧的应用(2)

时间:2018-08-20 17:15来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

 
——引自小说《 Romeo & Juliet》
 
这是英国文学中最著名的隐喻之一。显然,Juliet和太阳是两种截然不同的事物。这里使用隐喻所产生的表达效果比明喻更为强烈。对他来说,Juliet就像阳光一样光芒耀眼。
 
The Road Not Taken
 
Robert Frost
 
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
 
And sorry I could not travel both
 
And be one traveler, long I stood
 
And looked down one as far as I could
 
To where it bent in the undergrowth.
 
Then took the other, as just as fair,
 
And having perhaps the better claim,
 
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
 
Though as for that the passing there
 
Had worn them really about the same.
 
And both that morning equally lay
 
In leaves no step had trodden black.
 
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
 
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
 
I doubted if I should ever come back.
 
I shall be telling this with a sigh
 
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
 
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
 
I took the one less traveled by,
 
And that has made all the difference.
 
在这首诗歌中,“road”隐喻“life”,“Life is a road”统领全诗。道路横亘、行人踟蹰、选择的路、放弃的路、决定做的事、放弃做的事等等就是隐喻的典型。
 
影视作品中的隐喻
 
Seek thee out the diamond in the rough.
 
——引自电影《阿拉丁》
 
这句台词引自电影《阿拉丁》,显然,阿拉丁不是真正意义上的一块璞玉(the diamond in the rough),但他邋里邋遢、不修边幅的样子,与“璞玉”有一定的相似性,因为只需稍加打磨修饰,阿拉丁和璞玉都可以实现华丽变身。
 
歌曲中的隐喻
 
God is a DJ, life is a dance floor, love is a rhythm.
 
——引自歌曲《God Is a DJ》
 
同样的,在这句歌词中,隐喻往往比简单的平铺直叙要更加耐人寻味。歌曲将整个世界描绘成一个夜店。由于这首歌本身会经常在夜店播放,所以歌词显得非常应景,更容易引发听众的共鸣。
 
Tips:写作中的隐喻How&When
 
生活中,你是不是听腻了“I am an early bird”这样老套的隐喻?
 
写作时,你是不是也常常为构思一个耳目一新的隐喻而绞尽脑汁?(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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