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留学论文写作前期问卷设计解析

时间:2018-04-09 17:14来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
留学生在正式开始Research Proposal写作前,通常都需要做进行问卷调查,事先还需要设计详细的问卷。如何设计出符合研究计划内容的问卷,调查结果又能完整体现研究问题,对于第一次制作问卷的学生而言是一件非常困难的事情,对此,小编就为大家整理了留学论文写作前期问卷设计的具体方法和技巧。
 

 
A general introduction to the design of questionnaires for survey research
 
The basic process of survey research can be outlined as follows:
 
1. define your research aims
 
2. identify the population and sample
 
3. decide how to collect replies
 
4. design your questionnaire
 
5. run a pilot survey
 
6. carry out the main survey
 
7. analyse the data
 
调查研究的基本步骤包括以上七个方面。
 
A crucial part of good research design concerns making sure that the questionnaire design addresses the needs of the research.
 
其中关键在于问卷设计需满足学术研究的需要。
 
Define Your Research Aims
 
Start your survey by setting down the aims for the survey. To define the aims for academic research you will need to review the relevant literature and you may need to do some preliminary research amongst your target subjects. Fulfilling these aims should then drive the design of your questionnaire and help select questions that are relevant, concise and efficient.
 
列出调查的目的。事先你需要阅读相关文献,并预先在目标对象中做一些调查。
 
Identify the Population and Sample
 
The population is simply all the members of the group that you are interested in. A key issue in choosing the sample relates to whether the members you have chosen are representative of the population. Often the sample is chosen randomly from a list that contains all the members of the population.
 
选取问卷抽查对象的关键在于这些人是否具有代表性。通常可以从人口各组成群体中随机抽取一部分。
 
Decide How to Collect Replies
 
Decide whether the survey is to be completed by the respondent directly or through an interviewer, and design the questionnaire, and any other documents, accordingly. It is important in both circumstances to explain to the potential respondent why you believe they should answer the questions, doing so persuasively can improve response rate. Where the questionnaire is administered by post, or e-mail or some other indirect means, it is usual practice to provide a letter that explains what the questionnaire is about and why its completion is of value.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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