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英国留学生论文写作研究建议:Research Proposal:A

时间:2011-03-08 09:24来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

Research Proposal
Area and context of research
The intended area of research is UK road transport policy as it relates to climate change.Transport policy has a significant role to play in ensuring the UK achieves its targets fortackling climate change. The agreed international target, set by the Kyoto Protocol,requires a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) of 12.5% below 1990levels by 2008-2012. Further, the UK Climate Change Act (2008) set targets to reduceGHG emissions by 80% by 2050 and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, one of the mainGHGs, by 26% by 2020, again compared to 1990 levels. Budget 2009 introduced the 英国留学生论文firstcarbon budget and the legally binding target for the reduction in CO2 emissions has beenincreased from 26% to 34% by 2020 (HM Treasury, 2009). Road transport is the secondlargest source of CO2 emissions in the UK, accounting for 22.4% of the total in 2007.Research into this sector is particularly important because CO2 emissions from roadtransport are increasing, despite falling total CO2 emissions (Department for Transport,2009).Previous studies have considered the effects of road transport policy on congestion and
air pollution. Discussion of climate change itself has often been secondary to theseconsiderations. Recently the focus appears to have increasingly been on reducingcongestion alone. The research being proposed will add to our existing knowledge, as itwill focus primarily on the specific climate change effects of transport policy. Theanalysis will contribute to our understanding of the effectiveness of current policymeasures to reduce CO2 emissions from road transport, providing recommendations forfuture policy decisions in this area.
Key Literature
Potter and Parkhurst’s (2005) article on transport policy and transport tax reform providesa comprehensive overview of key issues pertaining to the research topic. They consider arange of policies that have been both proposed and used to deal with the goals of raisingrevenue, discouraging growth in car use and promoting the purchase of more fuelefficient, and thus cleaner, cars. Consideration of two main sets of factors is offered. Thefirst of these is factors which have led to increased car use. These factors includedecreasing costs associated with car use and increasing costs of public transport. Thisunderlines the importance of establishing effective means of reducing car use andtherefore CO2 emissions. The second area is political issues relating to transport policy.
For example, the fuel protests of 2000 exemplify the direct relationship between politicalactivism and government policy. They consider the impact that political pressures havehad on transport policy and its change in focus towards reducing congestion, withdetailed discussion of a national road pricing scheme aimed at dealing with this issue.
Their conclusion is relevant to the research topic as they identify the risk that movingaway from vehicle based taxes toward road pricing poses to achieving a reduction inemissions.(责任编辑:BUG)



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