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MBA Essay:性别和治理的多样性 Diversity in Gender and Governance

时间:2017-09-22 14:11来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
过去,妇女只能呆在家里做家务,而大多数男人去上班。他们没有工作的权利。然而,这种正统观念已经改变了。当今社会,越来越多的妇女开始工作。加拿大统计局(2017)的数据显示,到2016年底,加拿大有900万多名妇女有工作。可以看出,劳动力中的女性人数大幅度增加。妇女不仅作为雇员工作,而且也是雇主。他们在公司中担任许多重要职务,如酋长、经理、成员或董事会主席。在加拿大,妇女在2016财政年度500的席位中占董事会席位的21.6%。根据研究表明,许多发达国家女性董事的比例显著增加。例如,在澳大利亚,它代表了2016年6月董事会中23.4%的女性,几乎是2009的三倍。妇女人数的增长使公司发展得更快,更成功。作为一名商科学生,我们对妇女对经济的贡献感兴趣。它们在企业价值观的发展中起着重要的作用。女性管理者比男性企业只。此外,女性可以发挥其独特的技能,而男性不能,分散广泛的董事会的专业知识。他们认为性别的多样性会提升公司价值。尽管社会努力争取两性平等,但没有迹象表明这个有争议的问题会消失。在本文中,我们提供了更深入的证据表明,董事会中女性的存在能够根据个人研究和调查,积极有效地发展公司的业绩。我们还将回答一个基本问题:“今后是否会鼓励性别多样性?”它会怎样改变:是好还是坏?
 
INTRODUCTION 简介
 
In the past, women could only be at home and do the household chores while the majority of men went to work. They did not have the rights to work. However, this orthodox view has been changed. In today's society, more and more women are going to work than ever before. The figures from Statistics Canada (2017) show that more than 9 million women in Canada have jobs at the end of 2016. As it can be seen, the number of females in the labor force increased substantially. Not only do women work as employees but they are also employers as well. They hold many important positions in companies such as chiefs, managers, members or the chairman of boards. In Canada, women hold 21.6% of board seats in the Financial Post 500 in 2016 (Catalyst, 2017). According to Catalyst's research, it shows that the percentage of women directors in many developed countries has been increasing significantly. For example, in Australia, it represents 23.4% of women on boards in June 2016, which almost tripled than that of 2009. Growth in the number of women allows companies to grow faster and become more successful. As a business student, we are interested in the contributions of women to the economy. They play an important role in developing the firm values. Dr. Mijntje Lu¨ckerath-Rovers (2011) has investigated that enterprises with female managers run better than those with men only. Moreover, women can bring their unique skills, which male counterparts cannot, to diversify a wide range of the board's expertise (Kim and Starks, 2016, p. 270). They suggest that diversity in gender enhance higher firm values. Even though society makes an endeavor to fight for gender equality, there is no sign that this controversial issue will disappear. In this paper, we provide more in-depth evidence that the presence of women on boards develops companies' performance actively and effectively based on personal research and surveys. We will also answer one of the fundamental questions: "Will gender diversity be encouraged in the future? How would it change: in a good way or bad way?"(责任编辑:BUG)


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