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英国essay代写:The Healing Power of Music

时间:2018-12-13 18:15来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
导读:这是一篇英国essay范文,讨论了音乐的治愈力量。尽管传统上人们认为音乐是一种艺术形式,很少与治愈联系在一起,但它已经被不同文化纳入治疗过程。音乐的社会性和情感性使其成为语言的完美替代品。另外,音乐对病人的影响往往难以量化,但长期影响是可见的。如今越来越多的人强调音乐在治疗中的重要性,音乐在很多场合都得到了成功的应用,特别是治疗痴呆和自闭症方面,都显示出了巨大的潜力。虽然音乐的影响可能是微妙的和不可检测的,但科学家们正在努力量化音乐的影响,使其成为心理治疗和物理治疗的重要因素。
 
In the article “The Healing Power of Music” by William Forde Thompson and Gottfried Schlaug, published in Scientific America in March 2015, the ability of music to heal both mentally and physically is discussed. Although music is traditionally perceived as an artform and seldom correlated with healing, it has been incorporated into treatment processes by different cultures. The connection between music and psychology is established through four aspects. Firstly, the social and emotional feature of music makes it the perfect substitute for language. Secondly, the influence of music on the patient are often difficult to quantify, but long term effects are visible. Thirdly, there are increasing emphasis on the importance of music in therapies, which have been applied with success in multiple occasions. Finally, music has shown promising potentials in the treatment of dementia and autism. Although the effect of music can be subtle and undetectable, scientists are putting in more efforts to quantify the influences of music, making it an important element in psychological therapies and physical treatments.
2015年3月,威廉·福德·汤普森(William Forde Thompson)和戈特弗里德·施劳格(Gottfried Schlaug)在《科学美国人》(Scientific America)杂志上发表了一篇名为《音乐的治愈力量》(the Healing Power of Music)的文章。虽然音乐传统上被认为是一种艺术形式,很少与治疗联系在一起,但不同的文化已经把它融入到治疗过程中。音乐与心理学之间的联系主要通过四个方面来建立。首先,音乐的社会性和情感性使其成为语言的完美替代品。其次,音乐对病人的影响往往难以量化,但长期影响是可见的。第三,越来越多的人强调音乐在治疗中的重要性,音乐在很多场合都得到了成功的应用。最后,音乐在治疗痴呆和自闭症方面显示出了巨大的潜力。虽然音乐的影响可能是微妙的和不可检测的,科学家们正在努力量化音乐的影响,使其成为心理治疗和物理治疗的重要元素。
The healing powers of music is especially important when the patient has lost the ability of verbal communication. Music can transform the state of the patients from isolation to communication with cultural and community influences (Moreno, 2004). Under such circumstances, music is not only one form of communication, but the only one, serving as a bridge between the patient and the outside world. Many patients suffering from severe brain damages, making it difficult for them to communicate effectively due to the loss of the ability to make meaningful sounds (Thompson & Schlaug, 2015). However, many of these patients still possess the ability to sing. A treatment called melody therapy is thus invented so that singing becomes the way patients express themselves. Although blood is not able to reach the area in the brain where language is controlled, the area of music is in a separate area, making it possible to bypass the damaged part of the brain. It is crucial that music can take the place of language so that the patient is able to communicate with the outside world in a new way. Many case studies have proven that the melody therapy is indeed effective in restoring brain functions. With deeper understanding of the different types of patients and the brain damages they suffer from, the therapists are able to make personalized treatment plans for individuals. Although the outcome of the therapy is to make up for the loss of linguistic abilities of the patient, such treatments are more significant in reconstruction of the mental world of the patient.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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