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代写英国essay:British colonial policy(3)

时间:2018-10-30 16:08来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

 
The British ruling policy on India is as follows:
 
In the first place, India was conquered by the corporation, and under the prerogative of the king and parliament of England, the colony of the corporation, ruled by the corporation. So after the conquest of Bangladesh, it was up to the company to establish power. The board of directors in London became the highest authority in India, exercising its powers from the formulation of policy to the appointment of civil and military officials, and the government of India was its executive body. Thus, in politics, the most prominent feature of the British colonial policy was the establishment of the principle that the British monopolized all office. This principle was confirmed in the company charter act passed by parliament in 1793. The bill stipulates that in India all civil service positions below the rank of counsellor must be held by corporate contractual civil servants. The indentured civil servants were the children of the aristocracy sent from England by sensible men, who had come to make their fortunes in order to get a promotion, with great ambitions, little knowledge, and no knowledge of India. So imagine the extreme tyranny of the company's early regime. It was not until 1806 that the board of directors, under pressure from public opinion, established haley's college in England as a training base for Indian civil servants, whose quality had changed somewhat.
 
In the judicial system, racial discrimination has to start from the beginning. Cases involving Englishmen can only be heard in the high court, and wherever there is a case against a Briton, it goes to the regional capital. This would be costly and unaffordable for the average person, providing an umbrella for some colonialists to run amok. Corruption is so prevalent in litigation that a case usually takes years to resolve.
 
In economy, naked plunder is its main feature. Once in power, the east India company was eager to exploit it. In this respect his greed and brutality dwarfed the Portuguese who ran amok on the coast of malaba. The British east India company's early plunder in India is most typical of the primitive accumulation of commercial capital in the colonial brutal plunder. The whole of India has been battered to varying degrees. It has brought great disaster to India.
 
These are the early policies of the British east India company in India, reflecting the naked plunder of the primitive accumulation of capital. In the future, Britain made a series of adjustments to adapt to the development of new forms. Two of the more typical adjustments were made in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, when British capitalism developed from the primary stage to the stage of liberal capitalism, in order to make the Indian colonies more adapted to the needs of British industrial development. In this adjustment, the exclusion of Indians was relatively relaxed, a byproduct of free competition. The second time was in 1858, after the British crown took over. The aim was to consolidate political rule over India, focusing on the further centralization and strengthening of the colonial state machine and, through various means, beginning to co-opt the upper echelons of Indian society to serve it. In this way, the colonists quickly allied with the feudal forces and the bourgeois intelligentsia, which separated the upper and lower classes from the upper and lower classes in Indian society, reduced the possibility of the outbreak of various classes' joint uprising in India, and consolidated their own rule.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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