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代写美国essay:The flaws in American democracy(2)

时间:2018-10-16 17:26来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

 
A good system can always follow the right track, without the supervision of this link. In the United States, the media is known as the fourth power by image. The first amendment to the U.S. constitution is about protecting the freedom of the press and the press. In recent years, the news media became famous for following Nixon's watergate scandal and revealing the truth. Due to institutional guarantees, the American media has sufficient freedom of speech, and many TV programs dare to speak out about government policies and measures, and even directly criticize those in power. However, can it be said that the media in the United States completely stand on the objective side of the government as a watchdog? The answer is no.
 
Clearly, the media can't be completely value free. Even for news programs that do not make any comments, the content they broadcast is subjective, guiding the audience's concerns and determining the agenda of the congress. Moreover, the media tends to be tied to party support. Although the media has gained enough freedom, the traditional media in the United States is almost completely controlled by the three major broadcasters, ABC,CBS and NBC. In addition, the two network communication media, CNN and FOX, form the main body of the news industry. And all of these companies have strong political stances. Take the quadrennial presidential election as an example. In the process of the biggest democratic prosperity in the eyes of the American people, various TV stations have been engaged in fierce competition to promote the candidate they support, regardless of the fact to smear the other side. Television is a part of American life and has a subtle influence on American behavior and even values. In an extreme example, watching television during the campaign can lead to a difference in the name of the sacred ballot. This involves the dilemma of representative democracy. What will it take for voters to decide who can represent their interests without full knowledge of the candidates? Clearly there are a significant number of people in the United States who take the direction of public opinion as the most important reference standard.
 
On the other hand, no matter how much the media is praised as the conscience of society to monitor the operation of the political system, as a profit-making organization, its primary purpose is to maximize profits. In a highly competitive market, major media companies tend to deliberately broadcast eye-catching programs for audience rating, and gradually break away from the real life of ordinary people. There are endless official scandals. Instead of strengthening people's attention to politics, criminal cases only lead to a growing loss of confidence in politics, resulting in indifference to politics. Turnout in American elections is at the back end of all western democracies. In recent years, some scholars began to realize the problems caused by excessive trust in the media.
 
If the media of the United States still plays an important supervisory role in the internal affairs, then in the foreign affairs, the media has not hesitated to maintain a consistent position with the government, build up an ideological copper wall and shape the Americans' external cognition. In a country full of a sense of superiority, the public has been little known to the outside world, and the only recognition is mostly from the media's disgraceful image of other countries. To some extent, the American media cooperated with the government in carrying out the policy of "fools". This is good for increasing political cohesion in multicultural countries, but where does the diplomatic propaganda that strips out the right of citizens to know place the democratic idea?(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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