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美国essay范文:越南战争的代价 The cost of the Vietnam War

时间:2018-06-08 08:39来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
美国军队参加了越南战争,始于1957年,结束于1975年。战争时期,越南分为北越(共产主义)和南越(非共产主义)。北越不希望美国支持南越。美国帮助南约成为一个独立的国家。
当Harry Truman成为总统时,美国已经建立了一个被称为“遏制”的原则,由George Kennan和其他外交官和政策顾问发起,“遏制”政策的目的不是为了与共产主义苏联进行坚决的战争,而是为了缩小共产主义。第二,苏联到他们现有的边界。
这种遏制直接导致了越南战争。苏联决心把共产主义扩大到世界其他地方。共产主义政府无疑是苏联王国的一部分,但根据“遏制”原则,不可能有一个中立的、一个国家的东西。它必须是苏联或美国的一部分。
 
The United States Military took part in the Vietnam War, which started in 1957 and ended in 1975. At that time of war Vietnam was divided into North Vietnam (Communist system) and South Vietnam (non communist). North Vietnam didn't want the U.S. to support South Vietnam. South Vietnam took U.S. help to make Vietnam single nation.
 
When Harry Truman was president, the United States had established a doctrine called "containment." Originated by George Kennan and other diplomats and policy advisers, the policy of "containment" aimed not to fight a determined war with the communist Soviet Union, but instead to narrow communism and the Soviet Union to their existing boundaries.
 
This containment led directly to the Vietnam War. The Soviet Union was determined to expand communism on the rest of the world. Communist governments would without doubt be part of Soviet kingdom but according to the doctrine of "containment" there could be no such thing as a neutral, one nation. It must be either part of the Soviet Union or Unites States.
 
So, the belief was that all nations must be associated with either the United States or the Soviet Union. The United States was afraid of spreading of the communism, but the doctrine of containment made it difficult to see nations as separate, as places with different cultures, different problems, and different histories.
 
The Vietnam was part of French Indochina in 1946. The Vietnamese fought with French to get their independence. Military equipment was provided by the United States still French were defeated in 1954. Then Vietnam was divided into North and South Vietnam.
 
The war was mainly between the South Vietnamese and North Vietnamese known as the Viet Cong from 1957 to 1965. The military was provided by United States. The U.S. troops went to Vietnam in March 1965. They did most of the fighting with North Vietnam until 1969. By the end of 1969, the War seemed never-ending. Gradually United States began to pull out U.S. military.(责任编辑:cinq)


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