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代写essay:移民的经济效应 Economic Effects of Immigration

时间:2018-06-04 08:49来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
一种长期存在的趋势,现在仍然是人们倾向于从一个地方搬到另一个地方以获得更好的生活和利润的条件。无视规模,由于许多原因,移民在几个地方发生。当然,移民会从欠发达国家(如最不发达国家)转移到像美国这样的发达国家,因为移民过程集中在美国,这将在很多方面影响到这个国家。来自最不发达国家的移民比例很低,学校制度可能会受到影响。此外,大多数移民大多是非技术工人,因此会影响低工资劳动力市场,但影响高工资市场。此外,进口和进口的比例也在上升,而进口的比例越来越高。然而,移民不仅给一个国家带来了积极的影响,同时也带来了一些负面影响,如安全问题。我将关注正负两方面。本文共分三个部分。第一部分将讨论移民对美国劳动力市场的影响。第二部分将讨论社会经济层面的影响。最后一节将讨论移民政治和移民的影响。
 
A trend that existed long time ago and still nowadays that people tend to move from one place to another in order to achieve better conditions of living and profits. Disregard the size, for many reasons immigrations occurred from several places. Of course the immigration occurs from less developed countries (LDCs) to more developed countries like the U.S. [1] As the immigration process concentrates in place such as the U.S. will affect that country in many ways. The immigrants from LDCs disproportionately have little schooling, so school system might be affected. Also, most of immigrants are mostly unskilled workers, so it would affect the low-wage labor market, but affect high-wage markets. As well as the ratio of exports and imports to GDP has risen as well, and an increasing proportion of imports have come from LDCs.[2] However, immigration does not only bring positive effects to a country, but also brings negatives at the same time such as security problems.[3] Throughout this paper, I will focus on both positives and negatives. This paper has three sections. First section will discuss about the effects of immigration on the U.S. labor market. Second section will discuss about the effects, both on social and economic levels. And last section will discuss about the changes in politics and effects of immigration to them.
 
Will immigration affect the markets? Yes, it definitely will because the market is a place where human interactions are happening and immigrants are part of the societies and they become to involve in the market as they revert. There are so many markets that immigrants can affect, but I will mostly focus on the labor market.
 
There was a significant rise in immigration and trade in the U.S. since the 1960s.[4] Since then, the major impulse for the increased inflow of legal immigration from less developed countries was the 1965 Amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act.[5] There were many reasons why people sought the U.S. as a place to immigrate. The simplest reason is the huge wage differential between the U.S. and border countries like Mexico and this also increased illegal immigrants.[6] During the few decades after the Act, the U.S. faced a significant increase in the population pool that from 1970 to 1996, the number of foreign-born persons increased by 15 million, raising the foreign-born share of the U.S. to 9.3 percent in 1996.[7] Many immigrants first settled in the six main immigrant-receiving states: California, New York, Texas, Florida, New Jersey and Illinois, but soon spread out by 1990s.[8] Because of the most immigrants were in the adult population (aged 18 to 64), the effect of immigration on native labor was huge, mainly in these six states during the decades.[9](责任编辑:cinq)


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