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代写essay:伊曼努尔康德的知识观 Immanuel Kant's Idea of Knowledge

时间:2018-05-29 08:55来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
伊曼努尔康德在哲学讨论中引入“先验”一词。通过这样做,他的目标是拒绝休姆所说的一切。他的论证证明了像数学和哲学这样的学科确实存在。他的主要论点之一是获得知识的想法是可能的。没有这种知识,就没有讨论的理由。
既然我们知道知识是可能的,我们就必须问它是如何变成这样的。康德认为,知识的条件之一是先验美学,它是将意识体验置于空间和时间序列中的思想。从这一点上,我们可以理解,先验论证是一种充斥在空间和时间中的物质,彼此之间存在着某种关系。我们不能从感官体验(休姆)或理性推理(莱布尼茨)获得这些知识,但显示知识如何存在以及如何可能。
康德在先验美学中主张空间和时间是“纯粹的先验直觉”。为了充分理解这意味着什么,我们必须定义直觉是什么。根据康德,直觉是感官体验的原始数据。所以基本上直觉是在头脑中产生的。康德说空间和时间是在头脑中产生并在体验之前给予的东西。
 
Immanuel Kant is responsible for introducing the term “transcendental” to the philosophical discussion. By doing this it was his goal to reject everything that Hume had to say. His argument proved that subjects like mathematics and philosophy truly existed. One of his main arguments was the idea that gaining knowledge was possible. Without this idea of knowledge there would be no reason for a discussion.
 
Since we know that knowledge is possible we must ask how it got this way. According to Kant, one of the conditions of knowledge is the Transcendental Aesthetic, which is the mind placing sense experience into a space and time sequence. From this we understand that the transcendental argument is an abundance of substances situated in space and time, with a relationship to one another. We cannot gain this knowledge from sense-experience (Hume) or from rational deduction alone (Leibniz), but showing how knowledge exist and how it is possible.
 
Kant makes the claim in the Transcendental Aesthetics that space and time are ‘pure a priori intuitions.' To fully understand what this means we must define what an intuition is. According to Kant an intuition is raw data of sensory experience. So basically intuitions are produced in the mind. Kant is saying that space and time are things that are produced in the mind and given before experience.
 
Space is a necessary a priori representation, which underlies all outer intuitions. It does not represent something in itself or any other relationship. Space is only a form of appearance represented outside of the mind. Time, on the other hand, is a necessary representation that underlies all intuitions and therefore is a priori. Since time is only one dimensional there is no way that we could access it quickly. We know that space and time are both a priori because of all of our experiences.(责任编辑:cinq)


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