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代写assignment:American art therapy

时间:2018-11-22 17:31来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
导读:这是一篇医药卫生专业的assignment范文,讨论了美国的艺术治疗。在20世纪30年代,美国精神病医生南姆伯格提出了艺术治疗的概念,在她的推动下,艺术治疗在美国逐渐发展起来,并且迅速延伸到各个发达国家。不过迄今为止,在这一领域,无论是在规模、质量等方面,美国仍居于领先地位。美国艺术治疗之所以在当代发展迅速,主要原因是疾病的主流模式的变化,病因的认知模式的转向以及治疗的主导模式的转向。
 
In the 1930s, the American psychiatrist namberg clearly proposed the concept of "art therapy". Under her impetus, art therapy gradually developed in the United States and rapidly extended to various developed countries. So far, however, the us has led the way in terms of size, quality and so on. Music therapeutic society was founded in 1960 in the United States, and the professional theory magazine American art therapy magazine was founded in 1961. In 1965, the American dance therapy association was founded. In 1969, the American art therapy association was established as a national professional organization, which was a milestone in the development of art therapy in the United States and the world. AAA is responsible for coordinating national art therapy and organizing annual academic seminars.
在20世纪30年代,美国精神病学家namberg明确提出了“艺术疗法”的概念。在她的推动下,艺术疗法在美国逐渐发展,并迅速扩展到各个发达国家。然而,到目前为止,美国在规模,质量等方面都处于领先地位。音乐治疗学会于1960年在美国成立,专业理论杂志美国艺术治疗杂志成立于1961年。1965年,美国舞蹈治疗协会成立。1969年,美国艺术治疗协会成立为国家专业组织,这是美国和世界艺术治疗发展的里程碑。AAA负责协调国家艺术治疗和组织年度学术研讨会。
Starting in the 1970s, the prestigious art institute of Chicago first offered a master's degree in art therapy and awarded it. Since then, many American universities have offered courses in this field, awarding bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees, and being accredited and certified by the American council for the accreditation of art therapy. Most states in the United States allow people to practice art therapy in hospitals and clinics after obtaining an art therapy certification. There are over 100 professional art therapy institutions in the United States.
 
The rapid development of art therapy in the United States is mainly due to the change of the dominant mode of disease, the change of the cognitive mode of etiology and the change of the dominant mode of treatment. American statistics show that at the beginning of the 20th century, 28 people died of diseases per 1,000 deaths per year, mainly due to physical diseases not directly related to mental factors: pneumonia, tuberculosis, diphtheria, typhoid, dysentery and so on. With the development of conventional medicine, nine of the 1,000 deaths in 1972 were caused by illness. The major diseases are the so-called "psychosomatic diseases" closely related to psychological factors: coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, cancer and so on. The cognitive model of etiology changes from the "biological" model to the "social" model. There are also emerging disciplines such as psychosomatic medicine and psychoneuroimmunology. The treatment mode also changed from the treatment of "disease" to the treatment of "person", and began to pay attention to the overhaul of personality and psychological intervention.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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