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英国留学生assignment范文精选(生物学方向)

时间:2018-11-14 17:13来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
导读:这是一篇生物学专业的assignment范文,讨论了美国的生物技术产业。美国的生物技术产业从上个世纪70年代起步以来,始终是全球生物科技的领跑者,其生物技术公司数量占全球总数的三分之一。虽然之后的发展有一段衰退期,但之后在大型生物技术公司的带动下,美国的生物技术产业再度进发出生机。美国生物技术产业作为一个整体,有望在未来几年内首次实现全面赢利。
 
Assignment范文题目:The biotechnology industry in the United States
 
As the birthplace of modern biotechnology, the modern biological industry of the United States is in the leading position in the world. Fifty-five percent of the world's listed biotech companies come from the United States, and they account for 72 percent of the global industry's total tax revenue and 70 percent of research expenses. Due to the large investment in biotechnology research and development in the United States, significant progress has been made in a number of areas. Many new sources of stem cells have been found, and adult stem cells show greater potential. Bioinformatics has promoted the development of the two high-tech industries of biology and information. The market of bioinformatics was about 9 billion us dollars in 2003. By the end of 2004, the United States had raised $20.8 billion for the development of the biotechnology industry. In 2006 America's biotech firms did well, raising money by 38%. Operating income for U.S. public and private companies rose 13 percent to $59 billion.
作为现代生物技术的发源地,美国现代生物产业在世界上处于领先地位。世界上市的百分之五十五的生物技术公司来自美国,占全球工业总税收收入的72%和研究费用的70%。由于在美国对生物技术研究和开发的大量投资,在许多领域取得了重大进展。已发现许多新的干细胞来源,成体干细胞显示出更大的潜力。生物信息学促进了生物和信息两大高科技产业的发展。2003年生物信息学市场约为90亿美元。到2004年底,美国已经为生物技术产业的发展筹集了208亿美元。2006年,美国的生物技术公司表现良好,筹集资金38%。美国公共和私营公司的营业收入增长了13%,达到590亿美元。
In order to maintain its leading position, guide and protect technological innovation and stimulate the rapid development of modern biological industry, the us government has also formulated and implemented a number of preferential policies. The us food and drug administration gives equal treatment to drugs produced using modern biological methods and traditional drugs. It no longer requires testing of each batch of drugs before the new drug is released. The patent protection period of biotechnology is extended from 17 years to 20 years, and the patent application takes effect immediately after it is accepted. The number of new products approved in the United States rose from 33 in 2005 to 36 in 2006, with licenses for new drugs and biotechnology products increasing from 21 in 2005 to 25 in 2006.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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