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英国assignment范文:Wittgenstein's philosophy

时间:2018-11-07 15:56来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
导读:这是一篇哲学专业的assignment范文,讨论了维特根斯坦的哲学思想。路德维希·维特根斯坦是世界公认的最杰出的哲学家之一,其思想富于力量和原创性。他在一生的不同时期,形成了两个具有高度独创性的思想体系,每一个体系都对现代哲学产生了巨大影响。路德维希·维特根斯坦早期的哲学思想影响了欧洲大陆流行的逻辑原子理论和逻辑实证主义,后期哲学思想则给日常语言分析哲学以决定性影响。
 
Ludwig Wittgenstein is recognized as one of the 20 greatest philosophers in the world. His ideas are powerful and original. At different times in his life, he formed two highly original systems of thought, each of which had a great impact on modern philosophy, while the second system was critical and refuted the first -- an evolution unique in the history of philosophy. This suggests that he has a unique philosophical mind, and many would prefer to call him a genius. Wittgenstein's two philosophical works and ideas in the early and late period had important influence on the development of analytical philosophy. His early philosophy influenced the logical atomic theory and logical positivism which were popular in the European continent. The following is a brief analysis of his philosophy and its profound impact on modern philosophy.
路德维希·维特根斯坦被认为是世界上20位最伟大的哲学家之一。 他的想法是强大和原创的。在他生命的不同时期,他形成了两个高度原创的思想体系,每个体系都对现代哲学产生了巨大的影响,而第二个体系则是批判性的,并且驳斥了第一个体系 - 这是哲学史上独一无二的演变。这表明他有一种独特的哲学思想,许多人更愿意称他为天才。维特根斯坦在早期和晚期的两种哲学着作和思想对分析哲学的发展产生了重要影响。他早期的哲学影响了欧洲大陆流行的逻辑原子理论和逻辑实证主义。以下是对他的哲学及其对现代哲学的深刻影响的简要分析。
The turn of the 20th century was a crisis period of western theoretical science. Aristotle once divided theoretical science into physics, mathematics and philosophy. However, all three disciplines experienced crises at the turn of the century. With the new discoveries of relativity and quantum physics, the physics crisis was overcome. The roots of the mathematical crisis lie in the logicism, which was overcome and thus got rid of the crisis. Philosophy faces a crisis more acute and longer than physics or mathematics. Philosophy is faced not only with the failure of some basic concepts, principles and methods, but with the danger of losing its own research object.
 
Traditional western philosophy has three major themes: god, matter and soul. Through the baptism of the enlightenment, god's domain in the field of philosophy is getting smaller and smaller. The revolutionary advances in natural science in the 19th century made the study of nature in traditional philosophy redundant and cumbersome. Scientists have long dismissed Hegel's natural philosophy. The positivist trend initiated by comte, especially the phenomenalism initiated by maher in the field of physics, expelled the speculation of natural philosophy from empirical science. Matter is no longer the subject of modern western philosophy. Philosophy is in danger of losing "god" and "matter". After feng te initiated experimental psychology at the beginning of this century, the study of human mental phenomena gradually separated from philosophy, and psychology became an empirical science. More seriously, the "psychologism", which replaced philosophical epistemology with psychology, has invaded the last domain of traditional philosophy.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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