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代写assignment:论清末新政 Discussion on Qing Terminal New Deal

时间:2018-05-02 08:45来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
清末新政是清朝最后一年的经济和政治改革运动,这是一个在中国现代化的重大事件。它对后代的影响既积极又消极。
首先,从经济角度看,清末新政最大的成就是增加经济自由。根据欧洲和美国的国家的观点在当时,传统或中世纪中国没有现代意义上的经济自由。晚清改革时期,法律开始承认私有财产的合法性和合法性。在这期间,工厂的数量和投资总额大大超过了前几代。同时,交通、商贸、金融也有了明显的发展。之后,中国的经济发展开始有了资本主义的元素,中国的民族资产阶级也开始发展壮大。
从法律的角度来看,在新政时期,现代社会的法律框架开始初步确立。中华民国早期,北洋政府基本遵循一系列的法律和审判制度在清末新政的制定,甚至1924后,基本法律如民法和刑法在很大程度上仍然继承了新政的成就。
从教育的角度看,晚清改革时期,科举制度被废除,新办的学校数量增多。许多中国人开始在国外学习和现代西方思想、文化开始蔓延,为民主思想在未来的传播奠定了基础。
 
1. The Influence of the Qing Terminal New Deal on Later Generations 清末新政对后世的影响
Qing Terminal New Deal was an economic and political reform movement in the last years of the Qing dynasty, it was one of the major events in China's modernization (Gao, 2003). Its impact on future generations was both positive and negative.
First of all, from an economic point of view, the biggest achievement of the New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty was to increase economic freedom. According to the point of view of the European and American countries at that time, traditional or medieval China did not have economic freedom in the modern sense (Ni and Van, 2006). During the reform in the late Qing Dynasty, the law began to recognize the legitimacy and legitimacy of private property (Li, 2008). During this period, the number of factories and the total amount of investment greatly surpassed those of the previous generations (Gao, 2003). At the same time, the transportation, commerce and finance had a clear development. After that, China's economic development began to have the elements of capitalism, China's national bourgeoisie has also begun to develop and grow (Ni and Van, 2006).
From a legal point of view, during the period of the New Deal, the legal framework of modern society began to be initially established (Gao, 2003). During the early Republic of China, the Beiyang government basically followed a series of laws and trial systems formulated by the New Deal of the late Qing Dynasty, even after 1924, the basic laws such as civil law and criminal law still largely inherited the achievements of the New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty (Li, 2017).
From an educational point of view, during the reform in the late Qing Dynasty, the system of imperial examination was abolished and a large number of new schools were newly established (Li, 2008). Many Chinese began to study abroad and the modern Western ideas, culture began to spread in China, which laid the foundation for the spread of democratic ideas in the future (Kung and Ma, 2014).(责任编辑:cinq)


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