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Assignment格式:为什么这么多外籍人士在海外工作上失败了?

时间:2018-01-29 13:46来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
这篇文献回顾了许多外籍人士在外国的职责上失败的原因。本文通过对外派失败概念的理解,探讨了外派人员失败的主要原因。尽管国际市场的参与程度越来越高,但外派人员的生产率和失败率仍然很高。造成失败率的主要因素有,这些因素包括但不限于外派人员不能适应国外的工作,无法适应新的文化,外派人员不能适应新的物质和文化环境。外籍配偶无法适应新的环境、语言和家庭问题。组织必须勤奋地管理外国基地分配。除了选择合适的人选之外,外派人员还必须通过跨文化培训,为新文化中的生活和工作做好适当的准备。此外,外派人员在海外时应得到持续的支持;一旦外派任务完成,该组织必须很容易将员工遣返回公司。
 
EXERCUTIVE SUMMARY 执行总结
This literature review reviews why many expatriates fail on foreign duties. This literature established understanding of the concept of expatriate failure, and discusses the main causes of expatriates' failure. Despite increased participation in international markets, poor productivity and failure rates of expatriates remain very high. There are some major factors contributing to failure rates, these include but not limited to expatriates inability to adjust to foreign duties, inability to adjust to the new culture, the expatriates cannot adapt to new physical and culture surroundings. Expatriates' spouse cannot adjust to new environments, language and family problems. Organizations must be diligent in their management of foreign base assignment. In addition to selecting the right person for the job, expatriates must also be properly prepared for life and work within the new culture through cross-cultural training. Also, expatriates should be provided with ongoing support while overseas; and the organization must make it easy to repatriate employees to the firm once his or her overseas assignment is completed.
 
INTRODUCTION 简介
The purpose of this paper is to review the existing literature on expatriate's failure and the causes and how to reduce expatriates failure and ways to improve expatriates productivity. An expatriate refers to anyone living or working outside their home country (Kreitner, Kinicki and Buelens 2002) .According to (Mendenhall) the term expatriate failure means ending the international assignment before the contract expires. Most of the articles used simply define expatriate failure as the premature end to the assignment, either with or without listing reasons. This is also the definition adopted by the two most important articles, in terms of citations by other authors (Harzing, 1995)] in the literature about expatriate failure rates: Tung
 
(1981) and Mendenhall and Oddou(1985). In establishing understanding of the term "expatriate failure", these consist of premature end to an international assignment" and "premature end caused by a reason"(Black). Some authors do question the validity of this definition, even if they are not offering alternatives. An understanding of expatriate failure as "underperformance, or similar, during the assignment" is also unfolding, and some contributions include repatriate turnover (expatriate leaving the company shortly after repatriation) and repatriation problems. However, what has been missing in some of the journals used so far is a critical, systematic and integrated approach to these various definitions.(责任编辑:cinq)


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