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留学生assignment范文:自闭症谱系障碍分析 Autistic Spectrum Disorder Analysis

时间:2017-06-28 12:32来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
Challenges and Approaches 面临的挑战与对策
 
在现代,学校采用全纳教育政策,支持孩子,不管他们的个人需求,能够参加当地的学校是越来越重要。毫无疑问,还有很多要做充分实施普惠政策,尽管从业者和教育机构越来越意识到自己的责任,对于那些有特殊需要的儿童。这是每个孩子都重要的倡议,强调要教给孩子们的技能,使他们能够保持健康和安全的需要,可以享受和实现作出积极贡献,积极的,能够对他们未来的生活被财政稳定。这份文件最终以《2004儿童法案》为基础,建立在瓦诺克报告和随后的1981年和1996年教育法案的基础上。这些文件首次明确界定了“特殊需要”,并将责任分配给地方当局内的特定机构。很明显,这是为儿童提供必需的,事实上的家庭,为他们能够成功所必需的技能涉及任何所有学习障碍的去除。通过集成服务,孩子能够充分参与和体验度成功的关键,是他们的方法对教育孩子意识和积极的学习环境的创造者这将有利于所有平等的机会在课堂。
虽然已取得巨大的进展,仍有迹象表明,需要采取更多措施,促进儿童个体的需要通过个性化的为那些有特殊需要的课程,特别是在知识和关键技能领域。虽然这是公认的,所有的儿童,包括自闭症谱系障碍(ASD),必须被给予机会参加主流学校,缺乏识别的困难,从业者面临着对所有儿童与他们在课堂上所面临的各种需求餐饮。这篇文章旨在强调迎合ASD的需要和挑战,并讨论一些在课堂环境中可供从业者使用的策略和方法。
 
Introduction 简介
In the modern age it is seen to be increasingly important that schools adopt inclusive education policies which support children, no matter what their individual needs (Department for Education and Skills: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, 1999), in being able to attend their local school (Dash, 2006). Undoubtedly, there is still a good deal to be done to implement fully inclusive policies (Office for Standards in Education [Ofsted], 2004), although practitioners and educational establishments are much more aware of their responsibilities with regard to children who have special needs. The catalyst for this was the Every Child Matters initiative which emphasised the need for children to be taught skills which enabled them to remain healthy and safe, to be able to enjoy and achieve, to make an active, positive contribution and to be able to work towards being financially stable in their future lives (Department for Education and Skills [DfES], 2004a). This documentation, which culminated with the Children's Act of 2004, built upon the work of the Warnock Report (1978) and the subsequent Education Acts of 1981 and 1996. These documents provided specific definitions of what it was to have 'special needs' and allocated responsibilities to specific bodies within local authorities for the first time. It became apparent that it was essential to provide children, and indeed families, with the skills necessary for them to be able to succeed (Knowles, 2009) which involved the removal of any/all barriers to learning (Booth et al., 2000) through the provision of integrated services (DfES, 2004b). Critical to children being able to participate fully and to experience a degree of success (Mittler, 2000), is practitioners' of awareness of their approaches towards teaching children and the creation of positive learning environments (Corbett, 2001) which will facilitate equal opportunities for all in their classroom (Department for Education and Skills (DfES): Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA), 1999; Disability Discrimination Act, 2001; Disability Act, 2001).(责任编辑:BUG)


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